A call for strong European conflict minerals legislation FAQs

A call for strong European conflict minerals legislation FAQs [French version available here] The trade in minerals, precious stones and other natural resources provides the cash for some of the world's most brutal conflicts. Resources purchased from conflict or high-risk areas, such as parts of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Colombia, and ...

Keywords: Knowledge 'What is legal?' Colombia, informal ...

mining gold, coltan and tungsten illegally. Over the past decade several demobilised paramilitary groups have retrenched into criminal bands, many dedicated to gold mining. It is estimated that 14 per cent of the 53 tonnes of gold produced in Colombia in 2011 7 See glossary.

Colombia's Indigenous Peoples and the Peace Accords ...

Just a few days after Colombia's president, Juan Manuel Santos, signed a historic peace treaty with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (known as FARC), a nation-wide referendum voted it down on October 2, 2016 by slim margin, 50.25 to 49.75 percent. While this result may not represent what the majority of Colombian citizens feel—only 38 percent voted and the "No's" won only ...

National Liberation Army (Colombia) - Wikipedia

The National Liberation Army (Spanish: Ejército de Liberación Nacional, ELN) is a revolutionary left-wing armed group involved in the continuing Colombian armed conflict, which has existed in Colombia since 1964. The ELN advocate a composite communist ideology of Marxism and liberation theology.In 2013, it was estimated that the ELN forces consisted of between 1,380 and 3,000 guerrillas.

Organized Crime and Illegally Mined Gold in Latin America

vi Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime Organized Crime and Illegally Mined Gold in Latin America Executive Summary In the first decade of the 21 st century, two trends intersected: soaring gold prices greatly increased the profitability of gold mining, whilst the US led "War on Drugs", notably in Colombia and Mexico ('Plan Colombia and the ' 'Mérida

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Colombia prosecutors seize $98M in FARC assets

Colombia Reports relies on your financial support. Please become our patron and support independent reporting from Colombia. Colombian authorities seized $98 million worth of assets belonging to the demobilizing FARC rebel group, the country's chief prosecutor said Thursday. A joint operation ...

Colombia's black-market coltan tied to drug traffickers ...

Mar 03, 2012· Colombia's black-market coltan tied to drug traffickers, paramilitaries On a narrow trail muddied by rain, a slight man in a thin T-shirt emerges from the thick of a remote jungle, down where Colombia ends and Venezuela and Brazil begin.

Neoparamilitaries - WordPress.com

Since the time of Alvaro Uribe Velez, where security was perceived to be improving, Colombia's most important port, Buenaventura, has been plagued by violence from the army, drug trafficking groups, the guerrillas and the paramilitaries. Buenaventura is Colombia's economic gate to the Pacific and to Asia.

Organized crime and illegal gold mining in Latin America

Jan 26, 2018· Illegal mining is quickly expanding across Latin America. The increasing demand for copper, tin, tantalum, tungsten, but mainly gold, has multiplied the emergence of heavy mining machinery that—without permission and sometimes on a large scale—operates in remote corners of the regional geography, including at least 80 natural protected areas and buffer zones, according to the …

Terrorist Tungsten in Colombia Taints Global Phone-to-Car ...

Aug 08, 2013· Terrorist Tungsten in Colombia Taints Global Phone-to-Car Sales Michael Smith ... an Indian leader warns a Bloomberg Markets reporter and a …

Back to basics for Colombia's rebels | openDemocracy

Recent experience with the paramilitary demobilization in Colombia, added to the substantial revenues of the FARC, suggest there may be strong incentives among mid-level commanders and the rank ...

Conflict Minerals, Expanded: The Nexus of Organized Crime ...

Jan 30, 2015· In Colombia, the left-wing FARC and ELN (Ejercito Nacional de Liberación) guerilla groups and the right-wing paramilitary groups—the Urabeños and Rastrojos —have been working together to extract and export gold. In Mexico and Colombia, mining company representatives, human rights activists, and unionists working in opposition to these ...

Country Profile: Colombia

actors in the Colombian armed conflict are right-wing paramilitary groups such as the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC) and successors such as the Bandas Criminales (Bacrim). The paramilitaries claim to be acting in opposition to the left-wing guerrilla forces and their allies among the civilian population.

LatinRisks

Forecast: Colombia's booming mineral industry faces a bleak future if Santos' government does not contain the spiralling involvement of paramilitary groups and Bacrims. In July 2010, President Obama passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The legislation included a miscellaneous provision - Section 1502 - which required disclosures on the provenance of conflict ...

Ahead of Elections, Colombia's Santos Signals Tough Stance ...

Minister of the Environment Luz Sarmiento has said she and the government are well aware of the costs that could follow from clamping down this hard: Colombia received $278 billion in royalties in ...

Colombia's New Cocaine: Blood Gold | TODAY COLOMBIA NEWS

Colombia's organized crime, guerrilla and paramilitary groups have exploited other elements and minerals for sale as well. Paramilitary groups are heavily involved in country's illegal emerald trade and last month the Colombian navy seized 400 kilos of illegally mined tungsten, a rare metal, near the country's border with Venezuela.

Colombia Seizes Illegally Mined Tungsten Near Venezuela Border

Colombia announced the seizure of 400 kilos of illegally mined tungsten in the east of the country, highlighting how its criminal groups are increasingly controlling illicit mining operations and have diversified into minerals other than the main earner, gold. Colombia's Navy seized 400 kilograms ...

Spotlight on Colombia: Investors See Opportunities in Oil ...

Colombia, once the domain of guerillas and drug traffickers, has opened up to investment and is now poised to add reserves through an aggressive exploration program, having recently surpassed 1 ...

Tungsten colombia paramilitary - velowelten.ch

Spyderco Paramilitary 2 CPM-S110V Blue G10 Pocket Knife C81GPDBL2 and tungsten are added for excellent sharpness and edge retention The blade's hardness and temper to 60-26HRC makes it polish to an extremely high finish, perfect for a special Spyderco Sprint Run Military knife Brunei Darussalam, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia

Coal in Colombia | Investing News Network

Coal in Colombia Investing News Network - March 12th, 2012 Colombia has long been a coal mining hotspot, but improving political conditions and a shifting coal market are drawing increased ...

Teflon President? Noose Tightens Around Uribe as Former ...

"Former AUC leader Salvatore Mancuso testified before Colombian prosecutors that Visbal had an 'identical ideology' to the extreme-right paramilitaries and, on behalf of the cattle ranchers, brought 'information and suggestions' to meetings with paramilitary leaders to secure the expansion of paramilitary power in the north of Colombia."

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Embrace of the Serpent star: 'My tribe is nearly extinct ...

Jun 08, 2016· But illegal miners rob gold, tungsten and cobalt from the ground beneath reservations, feeding profits to paramilitary groups. And for 20 years, …

Child Soldiers: a Symptom of War, Poverty & Imperialism ...

Mar 23, 2012· I have seen a number of articles written recently about the problem of Child Soldiers in various conflicts abroad – most notably in Africa and Colombia. What has …

The Human Rights Landscape in Colombia: Adam Isacson's ...

Colombia is negotiating to end a conflict that has killed 220,000 people in the past 55 years. Adam Isacson, WOLA senior associate for regional security policy, gives a 360-degree overview of the conflict, the negotiations, security challenges, and human rights, in testimony before the House of Representatives' Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission.

Ireland - Hearts of Iron 4 Wiki

Supporters of true independence were then a small minority. In 1912, Britain accepted these demands. But pro-British unionists in the northern state of Ulster formed paramilitary groups to oppose it, and Irish groups responded in kind. The outbreak of WWI in 1914 stalled both the crisis and implementation of …

Colombia and FARC have ended a 50-year armed conflict—what ...

Sep 11, 2016· But the party's prospects were cut short after right-wing paramilitary groups ... coltan, and tungsten. Colombia's government will also have to keep an eye on the ...

List of top international rankings by country - Wikipedia

This list of top international rankings by country includes global-scale lists of countries with rankings (this list only contains sovereign states), sorted by country that is placed top or bottom in the respective ranking.. In order to limit the scope of the list and distinguish notable statistical indicators from trivial ones, entries in this list should contain a link to one of the following:

Colombia's black-market coltan tied to drug traffickers ...

Mar 04, 2012· It's proof, he said, that a black market for valuable metals and rare-earth minerals is growing in territory the Colombian government has historically found difficult to police. Not only is this mine inside a national preserve, but it's tucked in a corner of Colombia infamous for drug smugglers and armed paramilitaries.